Chapter 5 A practice course for “aikidō kyōgi”

There are two points to be aware of when compiling an “aikidō kyōgi” course:

Concerning the safety of “atemi waza” and “kansetsu waza” Concerning the nature of the relationship between “kata” and “randori”

Firstly, the dangerous “waza” within “atemi waza” and “kansetsu waza”were removed from “jūdō kyōgi”. Accepting that, what guarantees do we have concerning their safety during “randori” and “shiai”?

Through historical and practical research into “atemi waza” and “kansetsu waza” two main characteristics emerge.

Applying kicks, strikes and punches to attack the vulnerable weak points of the human anatomy, and spraining or dislocating joints to control an opponent. In other words, techniques that have as their principle goal to cause serious injury or death. Using the biomechanical weak points (“kuzushi no ri”), to take an opponent to the ground (“taoshi”) using force at a single point, and also utilising the limits of movement through the joints to neutralise an opponent (“osae”) with the minimum of force.

Generally speaking, only the characteristics of the first case have been rigorously investigated, whilst those in the second have been largely neglected.

Within “aikidō kyōgi”, examples of the first case are controlled and examples of the second are compiled and reorganised as physical education. In other words, a fighting system has been chosen where “empty hand” meets “tanto” (rubber knife) and “shiai” is carried on with decisions made by a third party adhering to “referee rules’’. In this way, the important branch of ko ryū jū jutsu that is “atemi waza’’ and “kansetsu waza” is brought back to life within contemporary physical education as a new budō.

Next, up until now “kata” and “randori” have been considered separately and it was even said that only “randori” was capable of cultivating real power. In order to extensively research the essence of “atemi waza” and “kansetsu waza” derived from historical jū jutsu, which is considered the foundation of budō, we must not separate “kata” and “randori” but rather consolidate both into a single practice course.

A course of practice for “aikidō kyōgi”, apart from the preparatory movements (taiso), can be divided into 5 categories:

Kihon dōsa (basic movement) Kihon no waza (basic techniques) Ri datsu methods (breaking away) Sei gyo methods (controlling) Randori methods (free play)

The first four of these are covered in “kata” practice. Only the fifth concerns “randori” practice. Furthermore, “kata” practice may be divided into “kakarigeiko” and “hikitategeiko”.